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Knowledge and Information Management System articles of interest are available at the companion Web site at: http://www.larryblakeley.com/articles_of_interest.htm


Older Articles of Interest Posted to Roy James Blakeley (http://www.royblakeley.name)


- “Comprehensive Report of the Special Advisor to the DCI on Iraq’s WMD: Regime Strategic Intent,” http://www.cia.gov/cia/reports/iraq_wmd_2004/Comp_Report_Key_Findings.pdf, September 30, 2004.

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/iraq_regime_strategic_intent_abstract.htm

File Name: iraq_regime_strategic_intent (7,620 words)

Post Date: October 13, 2004 at 9:30 PM CDT; October 14, 2004 at 0230 GMT


- "A Situationist Perspective on the Psychology of Evil: Understanding How Good People Are Transformed into Perpetrators," Philip G. Zimbardo, Ph.D. http://www.zimbardo.com/ (Psychology Department, Stanford University), Chapter in Arthur Miller (Ed.). "The social psychology of good and evil: Understanding our capacity for kindness and cruelty." New York: Guilford. (Publication date: 2004). You may want to go to the Web site, Social Psychology Network http://www.socialpsychology.org/ to view its partner site, the Stanford Prison Experiment referenced in this article.

Revised July 25, 2003 (Full PDF article http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/situationist_perspective__evil_zimbardo20030725.pdf)

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/philip_zimbardo20030725_abstract.htm

File Name:

philip_zimbardo20030725_summary (6,530 words)

philip_zimbardo20030725_full (13,062 words)

Post Date: October 13, 2004 at 4:30 PM CDT; 2130 GMT

******************************************************************************************* - "My Top-10 Questions for Psychiatrists," Larry Blakeley, 09 October, 2004

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/

File Name: psychiatry_top_10.htm

Re-Post Date: October 9, 2004 at 11:30 AM CDT; 1630 GMT


- Larry Blakeley, Letter emailed to William B. Rood, Chicago Tribune, August 23, 2004 at 4:00 AM CDT; 0900 GMT

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/william_rood20040823_abstract.htm

File Name: william_rood20040823.htm


- "Census Bureau Projects Tripling of Hispanic and Asian Populations in 50 Years; Non-Hispanic Whites May Drop To Half of Total Population," U.S. Census Bureau, Public Information Office, Press Releases

Directory: http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/census_bureau_hispanic_asian_abstract.htm

File Name: 001720.html (March 18, 2004 Press Release)

Post Date: October 7, 2004 at 11:00 AM CDT; 1600 GMT


- "Runaway/Thrownaway Children: National Estimates and Characteristics," Heather Hammer, David Finkelhor, and Andrea J. Sedlak, October 2002

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/hammer_finkelhor_sediak200210_abstract.htm

File Name: hammer_finkelhor_sediak200210.htm

Post Date: October 7, 2004 at 9:55 AM CDT; 1455 GMT

******************************************************************************************* - "The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education," United Kingdom

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/quality_assurance_agency_higher_education_UK_abstract.htm

File Name: quality_assurance_agency_higher_education_UK (2,452 words) Post Date: September 30, 2004 at 9:15 AM CDT; 1415 GMT


- "One Last Card to Play," A review of Allen C. Guelzo's book, "Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America," Peter W. Schramm, March 18, 2004

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/peter_schramm20040318_abstract.htm

File Name: peter_schramm20040318 (3,283 words)

Post Date: September 24, 2004 at 9:30 AM CDT; 1430 GMT


- "Adolescent Literacy and the Achievement Gap: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go From Here?," Catherine E. Snow & Gina Biancarosa, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Adolescent Literacy Funders Meeting Report, May 30, 2003. http://www.all4ed.org/resources/CarnegieAdolescentLiteracyReport.pdf

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/CarnegieAdolescentLiteracyReport_abstract.htm

File Name: CarnegieAdolescentLiteracyReport.pdf

Post Date: September 13, 2004 at 11:30 AM CDT; 1630 GMT


- "The Price of Valor," Dan Baum, The New Yorker Issue of 2004-07-12 and 19 Posted 2004-07-05, September 12, 2004.

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/dan_baum20040912_abstract.htm

File Name: dan_baum20040912

Post Date: September 12, 2004 at 1:15 PM CDT; 1815 GMT


- "Interview: Philip Zimbardo discusses a 1971 psychology experiment done on prison guards," Neal Conan, National Public Radio (NPR) http://www.npr.org, 4 May, 2004

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/interviews/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/interviews/philip_zimbardo_interview20040504_abstract.htm

File Name: philip_zimbardo_interview20040504

Post Date: September 9, 2004 at 7:10 AM CDT; 1210 GMT


- “CEOs, Clerks, Computers, and the Rise of Competition in the Late 20th Century”, Leonard Nakamura, Economist, Research Department, Philadelphia Federal Reserve http://www.phil.frb.org , Business Review FRB Philadelphia Third Quarter 2004. Pages 33 - 41. (5,718 words)

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/leonard_nakamura2004Q3_abstract.htm

File Name: leonard_nakamura2004Q3

Post Date: September 3, 2004 at 8:10 PM CDT; September 4, 2004 0110 GMT


- "The Source of the Trouble," Franklin Foer, From the June 7, 2004 issue of New York Magazine.

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/franklin_foer20040607_abstract.htm

File Name: franklin_foer20040607

Post Date: August 27, 2004 at 12:10 AM CDT; 0510 GMT


- "The Rise of Netpolitik: How the internet is Changing International Politics and Diplomacy," A Report of the Eleventh Annual Aspen Institute Roundtable on Information Technology, David Bollier - Rapporteur, The Aspen Institute, 2003.

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/david_bollier_summary2003_abstract.htm

File Name: david_bollier_summary2003

Post Date: August 20, 2004 at 4:00 PM CDT; 2100 GMT


- "Power and Interdependence in the Information Age," Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, Jr.,

This paper was originally published in Foreign Affairs, v. 77 no. 5 (September/ October 1998). (4,842 words)

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/r_keohane_j_nye199810_abstract.htm

File Name: r_keohane_j_nye199810.htm

Post Date: August 19, 2004 at 5:15 PM CDT; 2215 GMT


- "Information Literacy: Advancing Opportunities for Learning in the Digital Age," A Report of The Aspen Institiute Forum on Communications and Society," Richard P. Adler, rapporteur, The Aspen Institute http://www.aspeninstitute.org, 1999.

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/richard_adler1999_abstract.htm

File Name: richard_adler1999

Post Date: August 16, 2004 at 09:55 AM CDT; 1455 GMT


- Sherman Paul "on so many occasions, in his classes, in his books, on our February walks home up the icy wind tunnel of the Washington Street hill, retold in What Do We Represent? Walt Whitman, Representative Democracy, and Democratic Representation http://sdrc.lib.uiowa.edu/preslectures/folsom98/index.html

A 1998 Presidential Lecture given by University of Iowa English Professor Ed Folsom

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/experts/ed_folsom/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/experts/ed_folsom/ed_folsom_abstract.htm

File Name: ed_folsom.htm

Post Date: August 15, 2004 at 10:10 PM CDT; August 16, 2004 0310 GMT


- "H.G. Wells’s Idea of a World Brain: A Critical Re-Assessment," Boyd Rayward, School of Information, Library and Archive Studies, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Directory: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/world_brain_critique_abstract.htm

Post Date: August 14, 2004 at 12:45 PM CDT; 1745 GMT


- "The Growth of Structural and Functional Complexity during Evolution," F. Heylighen, J. Bollen & A. Riegler (eds.) The Evolution of Complexity (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht), p. 17-44.

Directory: http://www.larryblakeley.com/experts/francis_heylighen/

Abstract: http://www.larryblakeley.com/experts/francis_heylighen/evolution_complexity_abstract.htm

File Name: evolution_complexity_summary.htm

Post Date: August 14, 2004 at 11:05 AM CDT; 1605 GMT


- excerpts from "The 21st Century at Work Forces Shaping the Future Workforce and Workplace in the United States," (PDF) Lynn A. Karoly, Constantijn W. A. Panis, 2004, the RAND Corporation (http://www.rand.org/publications/MG/MG164/)

Directory: Link to Rand Corporation archive in abstract file.

Abstract: http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthy_articles/lynn_karoly_constantijn_panis2004_abstract.htm

Post Date: August 14, 2004 at 10:50 AM CDT; 1550 GMT


- "New Digital Textbook Service to Reduce Cost of Hundreds of the Leading College Textbooks by Half, Pearson Education Increases Choice and Value for U.S. College Students," April 22, 2004, http://www.pearsoned.com/safarix/index.htm

Safari® Books Online is a Pearson Education and O’Reilly Media, Inc. joint venture."

Directory: http://www.pearsoned.com/safarix/index.htm

Abstract: http://www.larryblakeley.com/articles/Monthly_Articles/safari_books_online20040422_abstract.htm

Post Date: August 14, 2004 at 10:45 AM CDT; 1545 GMT


"The Industrial Revolution represented one order of magnitude change in efficiency (A 15x improvement in the process of producing Wrought iron). The current information age represents several orders of magnitude of changes in efficiency in several new technologies: computing power, mass storage, software, and telecommunications..... many companies fail when faced with a discontinuous change in the environment. As the literature search shows, entire industries have been wiped out because companies with values, processes, and resources finely tuned to hit business targets in an existing environment are unable to adapt when the fundamental rules and underlying assumptions of the environment change...The literature shows that most major change programs within corporations fail. Although most management teams do a good job of assessing the resources necessary for a change, they often fail to consider whether the change is possible given their current processes and culture."

- Michael Sullivan, "An Instrument to Assess Organizational Change Capabilities for e-Business Transformation" http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/sullivan 1.djvu, December, 2000.

Post Date: August 14, 2004 at 10:35 AM CDT; 1535 GMT


"While managers had gotten really good at bossing people around, they didn’t know much about how things actually got made....Slowly (some are still attending summer school), companies began to realize that workers knew more than they’d been letting on .... Ideas, talk, and conversation were now encouraged among workers because they helped to deliver what organizations so desperately needed: a clue....Then along came the Internet and all hell broke loose.

Just as the global economy had precipitated exponential growth in the array of choice among new products and services, so the Net caused an explosive proliferation of choice among new information sources."- "The Cluetrain Manifesto: The End of Business as Usual," Levine, Locke, Searls & Weinberger, Copyright © 1999, 2001

Post Date: August 14, 2004 at 10:25 AM CDT; 1525 GMT


"Don't think in terms of countries. Think in terms of families. Think in terms of narco-traffickers. And think in terms of the very, very smart hacker sitting in Tehran."powered world....I think that our existing political and moral structures are going to explode. There's nothing that remotely prepares us to cope with say, armies equipped with genetically engineered, race-specific weapons or, for that matter, governments capable of practical eugenics. It's going to be a strange world." - Alvin Toffler, Wired interview Shock Wave (Anti) Warrior http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/interviews/shock_wave_warrior_atoffler.htm by Edward Swartz, Issue No. 1.05, February, 1993.

Post Date: August 14, 2004 at 9:30 AM CDT; 1430 GMT


"We hear plenty about the positive impact globalization is having on the marketplace. Unfortunately for many engineers and other high-tech professionals, the impact has been devastating." - "Competing With the $800 (or less) a Month Engineer," Robert Kostek (http://www.kostek.org), article appearing in the Florida West Coast Section (FWCS) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE), The Suncoast Signal, August, 2003 edition (http://www.ewh.ieee.org/r3/floridawc/signal/sig0308.pdf)

Post Date: August 14, 2004 at 9:10 AM CDT; 1410 GMT


"In 'Entrepreneurship, Frictions and Wealth,' (Working Paper 620), De Nardi and Cagetti build a life-cycle model similar to De Nardi's earlier version, but pared down to accommodate the extra feature of occupational choice: the decision of whether to become an entrepreneur or remain a worker. In the De Nardi-Cagetti model, individuals facing this choice must have the inclination and ability to be an entrepreneur, of course, but they also need capital. And that capital is available—in their model as in the real world—only if they've saved it themselves, acquired it as a bequest or used their own wealth as collateral for a larger loan. The entrepreneurial borrowing constraint, based on work by Fed adviser Timothy Kehoe and University of California, Los Angeles' David Levine, is a key element in this new model.

'The evidence,' wrote De Nardi and Cagetti, 'suggests that entrepreneurs face borrowing constraints … and that the possibility of becoming entrepreneurs … is related to the level of own wealth.' The borrowing constraint is likely to lead potential entrepreneurs to save, they argue. 'The need to accumulate assets in the presence of such constraints may also generate high savings rates among entrepreneurs (or households planning to become entrepreneurs).'" - “Accounting for the Rich”, Douglas Clement, Editor, The Region, Banking and Policy Issues Magazine, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2003. (Actual U.S. Wealth Distribution (1989 Survey of Consumer Finances "SCF" here)

Post Date: August 13, 2004 at 8:25 AM CDT; 1325 GMT


"Entrepreneurship is an important determinant of capital accumulation and wealth concentration and, conversely, the distribution of wealth affects entrepreneurial choices in the presence of borrowing constraints. We construct a model that matches wealth inequality very well, for both entrepreneurs and non-entrepreneurs, and find that more restrictive borrowing constraints generate less wealth concentration, but also reduce average firm size, aggregate capital, and the fraction of entrepreneurs. We also find that voluntary bequests are an important channel that allows some high-ability workers to establish or enlarge an entrepreneurial activity: with accidental bequests only, there would be fewer large firms, fewer entrepreneurs, and less aggregate capital, but also less wealth concentration." - "Entrepreneurship, Frictions, and Wealth," Marco Cagetti (University of Virginia) and Mariacristina De Nardi http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/experts/mariacristina_de_nardi/mariacristina_de_nardi.htm (University of Minnesota and Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis), Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Research Department, Staff Report 322, September, 2003. (Summary Version here - 3,740 words; Full Text Version here http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/experts/mariacristina_de_nardi/de_nardi_cagetti200309.txt right click, save - 8,109 words; DjVu Version here http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/experts/mariacristina_de_nardi/de_nardi_cagetti200309.djvu)

Post Date: August 12, 2004 at 10:45 PM CDT; August 13, 2004 at 0345 GMT


."..But this is not some fancy suburban subdivision with all the latest gadgetry. It is one of Philadelphia's most impoverished neighborhoods, and the network is part of an assault on the gap in Internet use between the comfortable and the poor.

The government program known as E-rate helped subsidize the wiring of schools and public libraries, while recent government efforts have focused on proving broadband to rural areas.

'This is really hideous,' Ramsey recalled saying to colleague Ben Hecht about their roles at the Enterprise Foundation, a Washington-based national organization that provides loans and grants to other nonprofit groups to revitalize neighborhoods.

Their jobs were to help get other nonprofits to make better use of the Internet. 'I kept saying, 'What about the families?' ' Ramsey said.

'The real issue was trying to get access in the home where it's convenient,' said Rey Ramsey, chief executive of the nonprofit One Economy Corp., which pioneered the approach being used in Philadelphia and several other cities. 'If the library or learning center closes at 6 and you don't get off work until 8, that's not real access.'

Home use is especially vital, researchers say, because unlike other technologies, such as television sets, Internet use requires computer skills and practice to take full advantage of its power to help children learn and their parents get services and do business more efficiently.

Most government policy 'seems to assume that with the Internet, all you need to do is connect people up,' said Eszter Hargittai, an assistant professor of communication studies at Northwestern University. 'There has to be an emphasis on skill.'

Broadband brings advantages in addition to all the new entertainment applications, Ramsey argues. His long-term vision is to use the Internet to revolutionize a social and educational services, such as homework assistance and helping find jobs, insurance and health care, much of which would require faster connections for video and interactivity.

But the big break came when Ramsey and Hecht approached Cisco Systems Inc., the Silicon Valley networking giant.

Thirteen Cisco employees who lived in various parts of the country joined One Economy. Soon, they were working to set up networks at housing developments in cities around the country. - "Program Aids Urban Poor In Accessing The Internet," Jonathan Krim, Washington Post Staff Writer, The Washington Post.com, The Washington Post Company, Monday, August 9, 2004.

Post Date: August 9, 2004 at 11:20 AM CDT; 1620 GMT


"Deep change assumes that one person can change the larger system or organization in which he or she exists. … When we have successfully experienced a deep change, it inspires us to encourage others to undergo a similar experience. We are all potential change agents. As we discipline our talents, we deepen our perceptions about what is possible. … We must continually choose between deep change or slow death." - "Change: It's a matter of life or slow death," Interview with Robert Quinn, By Dennis Sparks, Journal of Staff Development, Fall 2001 (Vol. 22, No. 4)

Post Date: August 9, 2004 at 10:25 AM CDT; 1525 GMT


"In the 1970s, a controversial new theory called rational expectations swept through the economics profession. You, Robert Lucas and Neil Wallace were the primary architects of this new school of thought. What was the essence of that thinking?" - David Levy, The Region, a Banking and Policy Issues Magazine published by the Federal Reserve Bank of Federal Reserve Bank of Minneaplis.

"The basic idea is this. In lots of economic situations, we want to study people who have the problem of making decisions now based on things that they expect will happen in the future. An example would be a business firm that has to make investment plans now, say purchase and design a new plant now which isn't going to be producing output until the future. So the firm has to forecast the prices it's going to sell at in the future. It also has to forecast what competitive products are going to be around. It has to forecast the prices of the inputs it uses that are complementary with their capital, and so on. Thus, one of the big jobs of business is to forecast the future. Economists want to study what business does and to have some principle for understanding how business or consumers or any economic agent forecasts. Rational expectations assumes that people use all the information they have as well as they can. This is just an application of the economist's general perspective in analyzing people's choices. We assume that people do the best that they can, that they behave in their own interests." - "Interview with Thomas J. Sargent," David Levy, "The Region," Federal Reserve Bank of Minneaplis, December, 1989.

Post Date: August 9, 2004 at 9:20 AM CDT; 1420 GMT


"The NBER (National Bureau of Economic Research) is the nation's leading nonprofit economic research organization. Twelve of the 31 American Nobel Prize winners http://www.nber.org/nobel.html in Economics and three of the past Chairmen of the President's Council of Economic Advisers have been researchers at the NBER. The more than 600 professors of economics and business now teaching at universities around the country who are NBER researchers are the leading scholars in their fields. These Bureau associates concentrate on four types of empirical research: developing new statistical measurements, estimating quantitative models of economic behavior, assessing the effects of public policies on the U.S. economy, and projecting the effects of alternative policy proposals....The Bureau's main office is in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with additional offices in Palo Alto, California, and New York City." - "National Bureau of Research Information," Accessed August 9, 2004.

Post Date: August 9, 2004 at 8:30 AM CDT; 1330 GMT


"While some Americans complain of a flood of Mexicans crossing the border, a growing stream of Americans is running south. It's mostly retirees, like Eileen Magliere and Jere Vanek, who found Las Vegas too crowed and expensive....What's the big deal? A beachfront lot 30 miles up the coast in southern California would cost you several million dollars. South of the border, a spot on the beach can cost you less that $100,000. - "More Retirees Migrating South," CBS News.com, Rosarito, Mexico, May 19, 2004.

"For most of her working life (Lyn) Rogers was a nurse, and when she finally moved on to retirement, she moved out of her house and into her RV with minimum upkeep and constantly changing neighbors.

She's 72 now, well past the age where many of her peers have settled into a more sedentary routine.

Rogers belongs to a club of RV-ing women, many of whom are retired and keep each other company on their never-ending road trips

'Most of us have been married, and we've raised kids, and we've been really tied down,' says Rogers. 'Now we're completely free to come and go as we please.'" - "Retirement On The Go," Richard Schlesinger, CBS News Correspondent, CBS News.com, Paicines, California, May 20, 2004.

Post Date: August 8, 2004 at 12:35 PM CDT; 1735 GMT


"The problem for us Christians is this: where we readily condemn black supremacist prejudice and white supremacist prejudice as unethical; we resist condemning Christian supremacist prejudice. More than this, we Christians habitually think of Christian supremacist prejudice as a praiseworthy virtue...Where on the one hand, we think it is a vice to be a racial supremacist and to be racially prejudiced; on the other hand, we think it is a virtue to hold Christian religion is in principle and forever superior to all other religions, and we think it is a virtue to hold we know this prior to serious study of other religions." - "Are You a Christian Supremacist?": Lessons from Attention to Native American Religions, a Lecture by Theodore Walker, Jr., Associate Professor of Ethics and Society at the Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas, 1 May 1996. http://faculty.smu.edu/twalker/moral96.htm#supremacy

Post Date: August 7, 2004 at 1:00 PM CDT; 1800 GMT


"My argument is that victimization has become the currency of power for every group that's seeking redress from the larger society--women, Hispanics, Asians, blacks, and so forth. The power of those groups is grounded in victimization.... - Shelby Steele, author of "The Content of Our Character: A New Vision of Race in America," Shelby Steele, St. Martin's Press, "Shelby Steele talks about his opposition to affirmative action, his upbringing, and his hopes for black Americans," Interview by Peter Robinson, Hoover Digest Selections, The Hoover Institute, http://www-hoover.stanford.edu/

Post Date: August 6, 2004 at 6:05 PM CDT; 2305 GMT


"I would initially like to provide an important clarification and necessary distinction between the terms 'human smuggling' and 'trafficking in persons.' Human smuggling and trafficking in persons, while sharing certain elements and attributes and in some
cases overlapping, are distinctively different offenses. Both practices encompass the organized and illicit movement of men, women, or children across or within national borders.

Human trafficking, specifically what U.S. law defines as 'severe forms of trafficking in persons,' typically involves force, fraud or coercion, and occurs for the purpose of forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation.

Smuggling and trafficking also differ with regard to the time frame of the offense. Human smuggling organizations typically generate short-term profits based on smuggled migrants. On the other hand, trafficking organizations frequently look to generate both short-term and long-term profits by forcing their victims into forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation arrangements." - "Alien Smuggling: New Tools and Intelligence Initiatives," Statement of John P. Torres, Deputy Assistant Director, Smuggling & Public Safety, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) http://www.ice.gov/graphics/index.htm, Department of Homeland Security http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/index.jsp, Before the House Subcommitte on Immigration, Border Security and Claims Committee on the Judiciary, 18 May 2004.

Operation Predator is a comprehensive initiative designed to protect young people from child pornographers, alien smugglers, human traffickers, and other predatory criminals. http://www.ice.gov/graphics/predator/index.htm

Sexual Offender Information by State http://www.ice.gov/graphics/predator/sexoffenders.htm

The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) has established this Web site http://records.txdps.state.tx.us/default.cfm as the official Internet source of public record information for:


The Texas DPS Sex Offender Registration Mapping Utility

Post Date: August 5, 2004 at 9:00 AM CDT; 1400 GMT


"Thus the U.S. bombing of North Vietnam went forward based on the mistaken belief in a second attack in the Gulf of Tonkin. In a certain sense, because the resolution that passed Congress was used to justify the U.S. military commitment, the entire Vietnam War can be said to have been based on a misunderstanding. Just over a month afterward, when another pair of American warships in the Gulf of Tonkin also thought they had come under attack, LBJ began to express doubts about the reality of the August incident. In 1997, in Hanoi, Robert McNamara, in a conversation with Vietnamese Commander General Vo Nguyen Giap, also concluded that the August 4, 1964, incident had never occurred. That is now the general consensus among historians of the Vietnam War." - "August 1964: The Gulf of Tonkin Incident Continues - President Johnson Discusses Bombing North Vietnam with Robert S. McNamara," Transcript of LBJ Tapes on the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, White House Tapes: Eavesdropping on the President, John Prados, The White House Tapes, (New York: The New Press, 2003)

Post Date: August 4, 2004 at 6:50 PM CDT; 2350 GMT


"Bin Ladin shares Qutb’s stark view, permitting him and his followers to rationalize even unprovoked mass murder as righteous defense of an embattled faith.

ManyAmericans have wondered,“Why do ‘they’ hate us?” Some also ask, “What can we do to stop these attacks?” Bin Ladin and al Qaeda have given answers to both these questions.

To the first, they say that America had attacked Islam; America is responsible for all conflicts involving Muslims. Thus Americans are blamed when Israelis fight with Palestinians, when Russians fight with Chechens, when Indians fight with Kashmiri Muslims, and when the Philippine government fights ethnic Muslims in its southern islands.America is also held responsible for the governments of Muslim countries, derided by al Qaeda as “your agents.”

Bin Ladin has stated flatly,“Our fight against these governments is not separate from our fight against you.”14 These charges found a ready audience among millions of Arabs and Muslims angry at the United States because of issues ranging from Iraq to Palestine
to America’s support for their countries’ repressive rulers. Bin Ladin’s grievance with the United States may have started in reaction to specific U.S. policies but it quickly became far deeper.

To the second question, what America could do, al Qaeda’s answer was that America should abandon the Middle East, convert to Islam, and end the immorality and godlessness of its society and culture:“It is saddening to tell you that you are the worst civilization witnessed by the history of mankind.” If the United States did not comply, it would be at war with the Islamic nation, a nation that al Qaeda’s leaders said “desires death more than you desire life."

- "The 9/11 Commission Report," Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Official Government Edition, Full DjVu version here (4.7 MB file-large); A 9-11 Report Reader's Guide in Text format here (right click, then save target to your desktop, and print it out for use) - add 20 to each absolute page on the bottom - for example, if you want pg. 51 of the report, just type in 71 in the bottom absolute page indicator.

Post Date: August 4, 2004 at 5:50 PM CDT; 2250 GMT


"Here is one such brutal fact: The African American community is in educational crisis; a catastrophe is upon us. This is no exaggeration. For example, a new study from Northeastern University found that black male unemployment was so bad that, in 2002, one out of every four African American men, 25 percent, were idle all year long, a rate twice as high as that of white or Hispanic males.

This is one of the brutal facts that we must face. There is more. One out of every four African American men does not complete high school. Of those who do finish 12th grade and graduate, more than 60 percent of African American men ages 18-24 are not in college.

And there is overwhelming evidence that these problems continue generation after generation, passed down from father to son like a name.

Education is the best way to get our children off the streets, to help them stay healthy, to stop them from committing crimes, to keep them out of jail, to enable them to get them a good job, to prevent poverty, to assist them to find economic security, and to advance their personal growth. Education is the best means to teach our children values and good character. It is the most important governmental service. It is the key to a good economy and a prosperous future that is shared by all Americans.

About 20 years ago, I was on a plane and I read a column by Don Williamson in the Philadelphia Daily News. It has stuck with me.

He wrote that he couldn't understand how we could live in the richest nation on earth but still have an epidemic of poor children who had been ignored by society at large. He warned that these children would become millions of "unskilled, uneducated, angry, dangerous adults." - "Major Driver of Racial Inequity," Rod Paige, U.S. Secretary of Education, U.S. Department of Education

http://www.ed.gov/index.jhtml?src=a, 2004 National Urban League Conference, Detroit, Michigan, July 22, 2004 release date.

Post Date: August 3, 2004 at 10:55 AM CDT; 1555 GMT


."...... So, given that children are by nature curious about nature, given the quick start in math and science they seem to get in the early grades, and given the advantages they enjoy growing up with Internet access, in a nation that is a global scientific superpower given all this, student achievement in science and math should be off the charts.

But it isn't.

Somewhere in the process something happens. Our children lose interest in science and math, and they fall behind the rest of the world.

The evidence for this is frankly both overwhelming and troubling.

American students don't start out behind those of other countries, but they fall behind during the middle school years.

According to the Third International Mathematics and Science Study—the well-known TIMSS study—U.S. fourth graders ranked at or near the top in the world. By twelfth grade, they fell behind nearly every industrialized rival and ahead of only Cyprus and South Africa.

The 1999 study by TIMMS, which was widely reported at the time, provided a grim assessment of the decline in achievement from fourth grade on.

In eighth grade, U.S. students scored below the international average of 41 nations in mathematics.

U.S. twelfth graders performed among the lowest of 21 nations in both mathematics and science.

In advanced mathematics, the U.S. finished second to last. And in physics, the U.S. finished dead last among 16 countries.

No one believes these numbers have changed much over the last few years. And no one believes the United States can sustain world leadership in science if these numbers do not change.

That is a matter of considerable concern.

The rapid pace of technological change, and the globalization of the economy, simply demand that our workforce be literate in science and math. Now, and for the foreseeable future, it is a simple fact that work will migrate to the nation with the most skilled workforce.

Moreover, our national security depends on having access to a workforce that has highly advanced technical skills.

People with expertise in cyber-technology and the technologies that can be applied to countering nuclear proliferation, to name just two, are vital to the Energy Department’s national security mission." - "Speech to the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center," Palo Alto, California, Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham, U.S. Department of Energy http://www.er.doe.gov/, July 8, 2004.

Post Date: August 3, 2004 at 9:43 AM CDT; 1443 GMT


"Violent crime is always disturbing, but this is especially true when its perpetrators are youth.

About one in five nonfatal violent victimizations involves a juvenile offender, acting either alone or with others—adult or juvenile.

Most victims of juvenile violence are juveniles, including 95% of the victims of sexual assaults.

Nearly all victims of juvenile violence know the offender.

The authors of this Bulletin draw on these and other key findings derived from data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) to develop a statistical profile of juvenile crime.

The tables, charts, and accompanying analysis offer useful perspectives on characteristics of offenders and victims such as age, gender, and relationship; types of offenses, including aggravated and simple assault, sexual assault, and robbery; the unlawful use of firearms; and injuries.

Although NIBRS is a relatively new tool whose data sources will expand with time, the experiences of more than 126,000 victims, analyzed in this Bulletin, provide beneficial information about the extent and nature of juvenile violence to those who share OJJDP’s commitment to combat it." - "Victims of Violent Juvenile Crime," Carl McCurley, Research Associate and Howard N. Snyder, Director of Systems Research, National Center for Juvenile Justice http://ncjj.servehttp.com/NCJJWeb site/main.htm, with funds provided by Office of Justice Programs to support the National Juvenile Justice Data Analysis Project of the U.S. Department of Justice http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Partnerships for Safer Communities, July 2004

Post Date: August 3, 2004 at 7:43 AM CDT; 1243 GMT


"As the United States government becomes more belligerent in using its power in the world, many people are longing for a “second superpower” that can keep the US in check. Indeed, many people desire a superpower that speaks for the interests of planetary society, for long-term well-being, and that encourages broad participation in the democratic process. Where can the world find such a second superpower? No nation or group of nations seems able to play this role, although the European Union sometimes seeks to, working in concert with a variety of institutions in the field of international law, including the United Nations. But even the common might of the European nations is barely a match for the current power of the United States.

There is an emerging second superpower, but it is not a nation. Instead, it is a new form of international player, constituted by the “will of the people” in a global social movement. - "The Second Superpower Rears its Beautiful Head," James F. Moore, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, March 31 2003. http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/people/jmoore/secondsuperpower.html

Post Date: August 2, 2004 at 8:45 AM CDT; 1345 GMT Article here.


John Kerry makes the case that the present administration has unduly alienated our allies - leaving us alone, isolated and increasingly frustrated in trying to do too much overseas with too few resources.

Should we Americans rightly be worried about similar charges from allies and enemies alike of unilateralism, preemption and hegemony?

Not to worry, Niall Ferguson assures us in his latest reflection on the state of the world. The problem of failed states, global terrorism and European fury abroad has nothing to do with George W. Bush and the present administration's muscular foreign policy. Instead, the culprits are the isolationist tendency and Americans' innate distaste for staying long abroad that allow most of the worlds' wounds to fester.

Those who got it right about America were not Woodrow Wilson and Jimmy Carter, but Teddy Roosevelt and Douglas MacArthur. The latter did not welcome war, but accepted that the world outside our shores was often a pretty rotten place that would take and take until someone - usually us - stopped it. - "The Power to Do Good," Victor Davis Hanson, New York Post, April 25, 2004. A review of the book, "Colossus: The Price of America's Empire," by Niall Ferguson, Penguin Press, 366 pages, $25.95 (Text version of review here.)

Post Date: July 31, 2004 at 4:56 AM CDT; 0956 GMT


Why does America lack the courage we had 60 years ago? Was life simpler with no TV and no "up to the minute” news?

Hanson- response to readership: "Partly. We are more affluent, leisured, safe, and removed from the terror of nature in all its savagery — plague, famine, natural disasters, etc. We suffer from the Hamlet disease of finding a thousand reasons not to do something rather than one to act. That fact of decisive action is the single best recommendation for George Bush; he is a hedgehog, not a fox. And his one great truth is that he grasped that these Islamicists and their autocratic patrons wish to destroy the West as represented by the United States. And he really will act — not preach like Carter and give us the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and a fascist Iran, not talk fire and brimstone and then do almost nothing in Lebanon after the slaughter of Marines like Reagan, not like his father stop short of Baghdad, and not go to Sandy Berger and focus groups and get us a cruise missile and a worried brow like Clinton. Intellectuals hate Bush for his action and failure to consult 1,000 different nuanced talking heads, but most Americans, when they get into that booth in November, are going to ask themselves one question: “does Osama bin Laden and the terrorist sympathizers want Bush or Kerry to win this election?”— and vote accordingly." - Victor Davis Hanson, senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and professor of classics at California State University, Fresno. http://www.victorhanson.com/

Good advice? I think so.

Post Date: July 31, 2004 at 4:10 AM CDT; 0910 GMT


"Thus today poor noncustodial fathers can easily avail themselves of any number of group-therapy-like programs to inculcate responsible fatherhood. But if those fathers take the government hint, find a job, and actually marry the similarly encouraged mothers of their children, the newlyweds will face a significant increase in their tax burden because of the way the Earned Income Tax Credit is structured. As both the old and new welfare systems have demonstrated, financial incentives can change family patterns. But for fathers many of those incentives still run in the wrong direction.

The left used to argue that a narrow population neglected would erupt into a wide public threat. This is perhaps the moment to invoke the specter of long, hot summers and armed, envenomed men. But in truth inner-city women, not outsiders, are the ones who will bear—are bearing—the brunt of the black gender gap." - "The Black Gender Gap," Katherine Boo, Senior Fellow, New America Foundation, The Atlantic Monthly, February 1 2003. http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/articles/monthly_articles/katherine_boo20030201.htm

What further effects will a global economy - with it's propensity to promote "outsourcing services" in order to maintain competitiveness - have on these already poverty-stricken poor bastards" ("The Dark Side of Camelot," Seymour Hersh, HarperCollinsPublishers, 1997, pg. 33?

My Block (this is black pain and it's "profanely honest") MP3 audio file/lyrics at http://www.royblakeley.name/larry_blakeley/songs/my_block.htm

Post Date: July 30, 2004 at 11:35 AM CDT; 1635 GMT


"However, the environment of a system A itself consists of evolving systems (say B, C, D...), which are in general undergoing the same asymptotic increase of variety towards their trade-off points. Since B is in the environment of A, and A in the environment of B, the increase in variety in the one will create a higher need (trade-off point) in variety for the other, since it will now need to control a more complex environment. Thus, instead of an increase in complexity characterised by an asymptotic slowing down, we get a positive feedback process, where the increase in variety in one system creates a stronger need for variety increase in the other (cf. Waddington, 1969). This self-reinforcing interaction is an illustration of the "Red Queen Principle" (Van Valen, 1973), which says that a system must continuously develop in order to merely maintain its fitness relative to the systems it co-evolves with. The net result is that many evolutionary systems that are in direct interaction with each other will tend to grow more complex, and this with an increasing speed.

As an example, in our present society individuals and organizations tend to gather more knowledge and more resources, increasing the range of actions they can take, since this will allow them to cope better with the possible problems appearing in their environment. However, if the people you cooperate or compete with (e.g. colleagues) become more knowledgeable and resourceful, you too will have to become more knowledgeable and resourceful in order to keep up with them. The result is an ever faster race towards more knowledge and better tools, creating the "information explosion" we all know so well."- Heylighen F. (1999): "The Growth of Structural and Functional Complexity during Evolution," in: F. Heylighen, J. Bollen & A. Riegler (eds.) The Evolution of Complexity (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht), p. 17-44. http://www.larryblakeley.com/experts/francis_heylighen/evolution_complexity_summary.htm

Post Date: July 30, 2004 at 9:51 AM CDT; 1451 GMT)


"As of this month, we can look back with 40 years of perspective at the Vietnam War, which began in earnest in August 1964." - "The Guns of August 1964," Robert S. Dudney, Editor in Chief, Journal of the Air Force Association Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 87, No. 8.

"You can kill 10 of my men for every one I kill of yours, yet even at those odds, you will lose and I will win."- Ho Chi Minh (see My father's 19 days in Vietnam http://www.royblakeley.name/roy_james_blakeley/major_roy_james_blakeley2.htm)

(Note: Hanoi acknowledges 1.1 million battle deaths among communist forces. South Vietnamese battle losses came to 254,000. America's total battle deaths were 47,378. This figure equates to 23 Vietnamese (communist forces) to every American using this reported figure, but I would not be surprised in the least if this number is understated by Hanoi. Why would anyone believe their figures? The fact remains - we left, North Vietnam took over South Vietnam, but the "America military beat the hell out of them" - even with both their hands tied behind their backs by the U.S. Presidency and his military advisors. The morality of this conflict is a separate issue. - Larry Blakeley)

Post Date: July 30, 2004 at 9:15 AM CDT; 2215 GMT


“I see people who are perfectly motivated, who are incredibly sharp, but who don’t have adequate resources,” he said. “I think education is the safest and surest route out of poverty. To me, it’s depressing to find people who have the drive, diligence and intelligence to take that route, but who don’t have the books and equipment. It’s wasted potential, and that is a big deal....Luthra said his core values were instilled in him through his parents, Ravi and Tripta Luthra, who immigrated to the United States from Punjab, India. “They would regularly do volunteer and charity work, like cook food for seniors and the homeless as part of going to temple,” he said. “Their selflessness has been a big inspiration for me.” - "Ankur Luthra, Commencement Speech - 2003, University of California, Berkeley.

Post Date: July 29, 2004


The office building sector faces considerable uncertainty going forward....Services outsourcing affects overwhelmingly white-collar middle class jobs and occupations, unlike manufacturing outsourcing, which impacted primarily blue-collar workers. - "Fisher Center Research Reports: The New Wave of Outsourcing," Ashok D. Bardhan and Cynthia Kroll, Institute of Business and Economic Research Fisher Center for Real Estate & Urban Economics, University of California, Berkeley.

Post Date: July 29, 2004


This article written by Katherine Boo describes the phenomena of outsourcing and the first stages of Americanization of the indigenous culture of the coastal city of Chennai, the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu - "the fourth-largest city in India, after Delhi, Mumbai, and Calcutta," from the perspective of the Indian workers.

She begins by describing how within minutes after a Plano, Texas sales clerk's handwritten updates to his resume dropped off with the local copy shop ends up at Office Tiger of Chennai.

She goes on to tell the story about outsourcing, the local culture, and the personal life of one employee, Harish. - "The Best Job in Town," Katherine Boo, Senior Fellow with New America Foundation, The New Yorker, July 5, 2004.

Post Date: July 28, 2004


"More than 43% of large corporations employ staff to monitor out-bound email."

Post Date: July 27, 2004


"The soldier fired 15 rounds from his SAW (squad automatic weapon), killing the driver, who we found out was an unarmed university professor. An hour later, I heard the soldier complaining that his weapon had jammed, preventing him firing off more rounds. Meanwhile, fellow soldiers clustered around him, congratulating him on "busting his cherry" - making his first killing. It was riot clear at the time if he knew who he had killed and if it mattered." - "Natural-born killers will never win hearts and minds," Charles Clover, Financial Time, June 26-27, 2004.

"Major Peter Kilner, a former West Point philosophy instructor who went to Iraq last year as part of a team writing the official history of the war, believes that most infantrymen there have “looked down the barrel and shot at people, and many have killed.” American firepower is overwhelming, Kilner said. He ran into a former student in Iraq who told him, “There’s just too much killing. They shoot, we return fire, and they’re all dead.” - "The Price of Valor: We train our soldiers to kill for us. Afterward, they're on their own," by Dan Baum, The New Yorker, Issue of 2004-07-12 and 19